This project is the contribution by Austria, France, Malta, the Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland to the implementation of THE PEP. It seeks to review the state-of-the-art of transport-related health impacts and to evaluate costs and benefits, focusing on air pollution, noise, physical activity and psycho-social impacts, traffic safety and climate change. The project will analyze evidence and methodological issues for the assessment of the health effects of transport on children and the related policy implications. National case studies on estimates of transport-related health costs may be carried out. The project will then develop recommendations on political implementation strategies. This work will also contribute to the development of WHO guidelines on the economic valuation of transport-related health effects.
This project falls under the priority area of THE PEP Work Plan "Demand Side Management and Modal Shift". It covers the field "Promotion, implementation and review of policies designed to internalize the health and environmental externalities (external costs) generated by transport activities" as well as the field "Special care for groups of high risk, in particular children".